MJK: (208) 745-2865

KKOS Lawyers: (888) 801-0010

logo small

1099 Rules for Business Owners in 2023

form 1099
Businesses will now file Form 1099-NEC for each person in the course of the payor’s business to whom they paid at least $600 during the year. This payment would have been for services performed by a person or company who IS NOT the payor’s employee.

(updated 1/11/2023)

The penalties for not filing 1099s can add up quickly. They vary from $50 to $110 per Form depending on how long past the deadline the company issues them. In fact, if a business intentionally disregards the requirement to provide a correct payee statement, it is subject to a minimum penalty of $550 per statement, with no maximum (More on this below).

Now, that I hopefully have your attention let me break down the basics. I am going to make a couple of recommendations on how you can take care of your 1099s.

The New Form, Name Changes, and Deadlines

The biggest change from last year is the introduction of a new form 1099-NEC Non-Employee Compensation. Also, they have made a change to title and purpose of Form 1099-MISC from Miscellaneous Income to Miscellaneous Information.

  • 1099-NEC. Businesses will now file Form 1099-NEC for each person in the course of the payor’s business to whom they paid at least $600 during the year. This payment would have been for services performed by a person or company who IS NOT the payor’s employee. (Instructions to Form 1099-NEC)
  • 1099-MISC. Other payments over $600 that a payer makes in the course of the payer’s business for things such as rent, prizes, and awards, or “other income payments” are reported on Form 1099-MISC.

The “general rule” is that business owners must issue a Form 1099-NEC to each person to whom they have paid at least $600 in rents, services (including parts and materials), prizes and awards, or other income payments. You don’t need to issue 1099s for payment made for personal purposes. The IRS requires you to issue 1099-NEC reports only for payments you made in the course of your trade or business.

Also, don’t forget other 1099 Forms that might apply to you as a business owner or investor. I provided the links to the instructions for these other types of Form 1099s.

  • 1099-INT. This is the tax form used to report interest income, paid by all ‘payers’ of interest income to investors or private lenders at year-end (1099-INT Instructions).
  • 1099-DIV. This Form is typically used by large banks and other financial institutions to report dividends and other distributions to taxpayers and to the IRS, If you own and operate a C-Corporation with shareholders, this would be the Form to report payments to those investors (1099-DIV Instructions).
  • 1099-R. This Form is used to report the distributions of retirement benefits such as pensions and annuities. Also, if you take distributions from a self-directed IRA or 401k, you would receive some type of Form 1099-R. (1099-R Instructions).

Here are the Basics about 1099s you should know as a Business Owner

  • Who are you required to send a Form 1099-NEC? You are required to send Form 1099-NEC to vendors or sub-contractors during the normal course of business you paid more than $600. That includes any individual, partnership, Limited Liability Company (LLC), Limited Partnership (LP), or Estate.
  • Who are considered Vendors or Sub-Contractors? A is a person or company you have paid for services that aren’t an employee. 

If you aren’t sure if your worker is an Employee or Sub-Contractor see my article: “The Difference between Sub-Contractors and Employees”

  • What are the exceptions? The list is fairly lengthy, but the most common is that you DO NOT need to send a 1099-NEC to:
    • Vendors operating as S or C-Corporations (you’ll find their status out when you get a W-9…see below)
    • LLCs or partnerships taxed as an S or C-Corp…again see the W-9 below)
    • Sellers of merchandise, freight, storage or similar items.
    • Payments of rent to or through real estate agents (typically property managers). However,  you need to issue a 1099 to a landlord you are paying rent, unless they meet another exception.
  • Don’t worry about credit card payments and PayPal. The IRS allows taxpayers to exclude from Form 1099-NEC any payments you made by credit card, debit card, gift card, or third-party payment. Third-party payment networks such as PayPal or Venmo. As long as you confirm that you are indicating that this is a business payment on the 3rd party platform. The card issuers and third-party payment networks are reporting these payments on a Form 1099-K. 
  • Lawyers get the short end of the stick. Ironically, the government doesn’t trust that lawyers will report all of their income. This means that even if your lawyer is ‘incorporated’, you are still required to send them a Form 1099. This is if you paid them more than $600 and are wanting to take a business deduction for paying them.
  • The W-9 is your “best friend”. It may frustrat some of you that you don’t have the information you NEED to issue Form 1099. One of the smartest procedures a business owner can implement is to request a W-9 from any vendor you expect to pay more than $600 before you pay them. Using this as a normal business practice will give you the vendor’s mailing information and Tax ID number. It will also require them to indicate if they are a corporation or not. This will save you the headache of sending them a 1099 next year. You can download a W-9 here.
  • The procedure. Regrettably, you CANNOT simply go to www.irs.gov and download a bunch of 1099 Forms and send them out to your vendors before the deadline. The best method is to use your accountant handling your payroll or these types of services, OR use a software program/App like www.track1099.com or www.tax1099.com.
  • Deadline to Payees. Taxpayers are required to issue and mail out all Forms 1099-NEC, 1099-MISC, 1099-DIV, 1099-INT, and 1099-R. It is to those who they paid more than $600 in 2022). They need to do  this no later than January 31st.
  • Deadline to Send the IRS Form 1099-NEC…This is a new rule- Take note!! Now business owners have to compile all of their 1099-NEC forms and send the accompanying 1096 and MAIL them to the IRS, OR file them ELECTRONICALLY with the IRS by January 31st as well (NOT the end of February- the old rule). Also, depending on state law, you may also have to file the 1099-NEC with the state. Sounds like fun…right? (This is where delegating the task to your accountant really comes in helpful).
  • Deadlines to send the IRS all other Form 1099s. For Forms 1099-MISC, 1099-DIV, 1099-INT, and 1099-R, business owners have to compile all of the 1099s and MAIL them (if you choose to use MAIL) to the IRS with a Form 1096 by February 28th. IF you want to file ELECTRONICALLY, you can gather all of the same documents and file by March 31st.
  • Don’t forget the States (sorry). There are a number of states that have filing requirements for form 1099 and 1099-NEC. Currently, these states require you to file a 1099-NEC with them – CA, DE, HI, KS, MA, MT, NJ, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, VT, and WI. If you’re operating in a State that requires this make sure to confirm the rules and deadlines.
  • MUST I file Electronically? IF you have more 250 Form 1099s to file, you MUST file electronically. However, you still CAN file electronically if you want, it’s easier if you do so. If they require to you do so and you fail to comply there could be big penalties. If you don’t have an approved waiver to paper file, you may be subject to a penalty of up to $100 per return for failure to file electronically. If you establish reasonable cause you will not be subject to the penalty. Again, you can still ‘choose’ to file electronically if you have less than 250 Forms and it’s easier for you. However, you can file up to 250 returns on paper. Those returns will not be subject to a penalty for failure to file electronically.
  • What about foreign workers? Also, if you hire a non-U.S. citizen who performs any work inside the United States, you need to issue them a Form 1099-NEC. If they are not a citizen AND perform all of their work outside the U.S., you are not required to issue a 1099-NEC. However, it is your responsibility to verify that the worker is indeed a non-U.S. citizen. Also that the worker performed all work inside or outside the United States. For that purpose, in the future you might want to have that foreign worker fill out, sign, and return to you Form W-8BEN.

Suggested Procedure for 2023:

Moving forward this year, make sure to get a Form W-9 from all your vendors before they can get paid. If they want you to pay them ‘under the table’…tell them to move to another country. Then tell you “Thank you for paying taxes and providing roads for me and national defense!!”. Getting a W-9 from them will ensure your ultimate tax-write off. It will certainly save you a lot of headaches next January. If you do this you don’t have to track down their mailing addresses or EINs. (See here the Instructions for the W-9).

What are the Penalties if I miss a Deadline?

As I mentioned above, penalties for not filing a correct 1099 can add up quickly. They vary from $50 to $110 per Form depending on how long past the deadline. Moreover, if the IRS can prove that a business intentionally disregarded the requirement to provide a correct payee statement, they are subject to a minimum penalty of $550 per statement, with no maximum!

By signing up for my newsletter you won’t miss a single deadline!! Just click the link here. Don’t ignore the 1099 or the process and get with your CPA to make sure to meet the appropriate deadlines. The maximum penalty can easily exceed $1M for small businesses in 2023 and they WILL charge interest on those penalties. In all cases, the IRS considers you to be a small business if you’ve earned an average of $5 million or less in annual revenue for the past three tax years. There is no limit on the penalties for the intentional disregard to file (and don’t think ignorence is a defense)!

Real-life Story

 I literally had a prior client contact me this past year because they chose to file their 1099s on their own and didn’t carefully follow the rules. They inadvertently mailed in the forms and didn’t electronically file (see rules below regarding electronic filing). RESULT- The IRS hit them with $17,000 in penalties and our only hope was to show reasonable cause to get them out of the penalty. ** UPDATE…months later we were able to help them get out of the penalty…but only after a lot of time and tears shed.

If you are already late in filing your formsyou have a big decision to make. (Think of “The Rock” in the movie ‘The Rundown’ if you haven’t seen it- a classic):

  • Option (a) – Suck it up and hurry and file. IF this is your first time being late and you show any reasonable cause, they may waive the penalty. I’m not making any promises here…but it’s fairly common the first-time offenders get more mild treatment….again- generally.
  • Option (b) – The IRS will make you pay. So…essentially not filing and hoping the IRS or the State doesn’t audit you. Not good for sound sleep at night and when you go through the pearly gates someday.
  • There is no Option (c) – A quote from the Movie 🙂

In Summary

Finally, be careful trusting websites just to save just a few dollars. It can cost you big time if you miss even a small rule or procedure. Most accountants have an affordable procedure to assist in the filing and can be a huge resource. Business owners need to take this filing process seriously and take personal accountability to make sure they complete them.

Interested in Learning More:

* To sign up for Mark’s weekly Free Newsletter and receive his Free E-Book “The Ultimate Tax Strategy Guide – 30 Steps to Saving the Most Money on Your Taxes” visit www.markjkohler.com.

Mark J. Kohler is a CPA, Attorney, co-host of the PodCasts “The Main Street Business Podcast” and “The Directed IRA Podcast”, and the author of “The Business Owner’s Guide to Financial Freedom- What Wall Street Isn’t Telling You” and, “The Tax and Legal Playbook- Game Changing Solutions For Your Small Business Questions”, as well as several other well-known books. He is also the CFO of Directed IRA Trust Company, and a senior partner at the law firm KKOS Lawyers.


Mark Kohler

Mark Kohler

5 4 votes
Rate This
Oldest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments

1099 NEC Questions
1 – I have a vendor I paid $500 for services, and $6000 for computer hardware. Does he get a 1099, and for what amount?
2- Similar to the first question, but lets say I paid him $601 for services, and $6000 for the hardware. He would get a 1099 since he is over the $600 in services, but would his 1099 report $601 or $6601? Do I need to account (or somehow record) service vs hardware separately ?

I have a question, If I am buying My business from a private party do i have to file a 1099 Int. for them.

If you are buying a company this year, you do not have to worry about 1099s till the next year.
The 1099 forms are issued for people who received payments in 2022. You need to remember the end of the year is the period borderline for fillings.  

I have a question, because I am totally confused… let me explain my situation first.

I work for a small mom and pop place. There are a total of 4 employees that work here. We are getting paid $8/hour with no over-time compensation. We are also working under a form 1099. So, we are actually making less than $8/hour. Does this small business fit the criteria to use 1099s?

On Key

Related Posts

couple filling taxes

Should I file an Extension for my Personal Taxes?

Should you file an extension for your personal taxes? Contrary to popular opinion, it is not the end of the world if you don’t file your personal 1040 tax return by April 15th. In fact, there are several great reasons NOT to file on April 15th and file an Extension instead. This year “Tax Day”

person walking dogs

10 Ways to Write-Off Your Pet on Your Taxes

In this article, I will break down 10 ways to write-off your pet on your taxes. If you’re a pet owner, you know the joy and companionship a pet can bring to your life. But did you know that you may be able to write-off some of the expenses associated with owning a pet on